Cognitive Behaviour Therapy .com.au What is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)? CBT for psychological problems Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) Cognitive Therapy (CT) Schema Focused Therapy Third Wave Cognitive Behavioural Therapies Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) Group Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Cognitive Behavioural Therapists in Sydney Cognitive Behavioural Therapists elsewhere Rebates for Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Anxiety Disorder Depression Pain Management Anger Management personality disorders Other Conditions Contact Cognitive Behavioural Therapists in Sydney Cognitive Behavioural Therapists elsewhere

Cognitive Therapy (CT)


Cognitive Therapy is a form of CBT which focuses on altering unhelpful thinking patterns in order to change behaviour and emotion.


Cognitive Therapy has its origins in the work of people like psychiatrist Aaron T. Beck and psychologist Albert Ellis. Cognitive Therapy assumes that emotional and psychological problems are due to irrational thinking patterns which are triggered as a result of underlying “core beliefs” that develop during childhood.


Cognitive Therapy aims to teach people the skills to recognise the irrational thoughts that lie beneath their negative emotions such as depression or anxiety. It also teaches them to recognises the “errors” in their thinking patterns and equips them with a range of techniques to shift these thoughts, thereby altering how they feel and act.


While cognitive therapy has historically been most dominant in the treatment of depression, in recent years cognitive theories and treatment approaches for conditions like anxiety disorders have emerged which appear to rival tradition behavioural and cognitive behavioural treatment approaches.


For example, although effective treatment studies on therapy for conditions such as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) have historically been dominated by behavioural and cognitive behavioural approaches, recent studies have found impressive outcomes for treatment of these disorders with more pure cognitive therapies.


Nonetheless, it should be stated that virtually all cognitive therapies include components that could be regarded as “behavioural”.



Disclaimer: This site is intended for Australian audiences. It is general information and should not be used for treatment or diagnosis of your problems. Consult a GP or mental health professional for advice on your situation. If you require immediate telephone counselling assistance please call Lifeline 24 hour counselling service on 13 11 14, or contact your local mental health service.